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Narragansett High School Library: Senior Research Paper

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All MLA citations must be in MLA 8th edition format!

**Don't forget to access NoodleTools by clicking on the NoodleTools icon listed in the gray waffle in the upper right corner of the web browser.

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NHS Database/eBook Passwords

Senior Research Paper Helpful Handouts

CRAAPO Test

Evaluating Resources: the CRAAPO TEST

 

Consider the following questions as you evaluate the source and determine its reliability.

 

Currency: the timeliness of the information

  • When was the information published or posted?
  • Has the information been revised or updated?
  • Is the information current or out-of date for your topic?
  • Are the links functional?

 Relevance: the importance of the information for your needs

  • Does the information relate to your topic or answer your question?
  • Who is the intended audience?
  • Is the information at an appropriate level (i.e. not too elementary or advanced for your needs)?
  • Have you looked at a variety of sources before determining this is one you will use?
  • Would you be comfortable using this source for a research paper?

Authority: the source of the information

  • Who is the author/publisher/source/sponsor?
  • Are the author's credentials or organizational affiliations given?
  • What are the author's qualifications to write on the topic?
  • Is there contact information, such as a publisher or e-mail address?
  • Does the URL reveal anything about the author or source?  Examples: (.com (commercial), .edu (educational), .gov (U.S. government), .org (nonprofit organization), .net (network)

 Accuracy: the reliability, truthfulness, and correctness of the content

  • Where does the information come from?
  • Is the information supported by evidence?
  • Has the information been reviewed or refereed?
  • Can you verify any of the information in another source or from personal knowledge?
  • Does the language or tone seem biased and free of emotion?
  • Are there spelling, grammar, or other typographical errors?

 Purpose: the reason the information exists

  • What is the purpose of the information? to inform? teach? sell? entertain? persuade?
  • Do the authors/sponsors make their intentions or purpose clear?
  • Is the information fact? opinion? Propaganda?
  • Does the point of view appear objective and impartial?
  • Are there political, ideological, cultural, religious, institutional, or personal biases?

Objectivity: the impartiality of the information

  • What institution (company, organization, government, university, etc.) supports this information?
  • Does the institution appear to exercise quality control over the information appearing under its name?
  • Does the author's affiliation with this particular institution appear to bias the information?
  • Is there advertising and does it affect the content and message of the source?

 After evaluating this source, do you think you will use it for your paper? Why or why not? 

If you are not sure, explain why.

 

from Meriam Library, California State University, Chico

NHS Library Catalog (RICAT) Quick Search

Find:

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Advanced Search

Peer Reviewed Material

CRAAP Test Video

Google Scholar

Image result for google scholar

Default search settings include:

  • search terms are not case sensitive
  • AND--search terms are automatically combined using AND
  • keyword--searches the full text of scholarly material, including citation and abstract

Options to refine your search include:

  • synonyms--Google automatically searches for matching and similar meaning words ex: tourism finds tourist
  • "phrase searching"--use quotation marks around phrases to keep works together ex: "hearing loss"
  • OR--results include either search term.  OR must be in capital letters ex: ipod OR mp3
  • exclude--use - immediately before a search term you want to exclude ex: ipod -itunes
  • include--use + immediately before automatically excluded search terms that you want included ex: +the
  • intitle--finds result with your search term in the document title ex: intitle:mp3
  • author--finds results with your search term as the document author ex: author:Jones
  • date range--to change from Any time, select an option from left side of the results screen

Advanced Search:

  • Click on the hotdog icon located in the upper left corner of Google Scholar homepage to view the Advanced Search options

Interpreting the results screen:

Example:

HTML] Concussions among United States high school and collegiate athletes

LM Gessel, CL Collins, RW Dick - Journal of athletic training, 2007 - search.proquest.com
Abstract An estimated 300 000 sport-related traumatic brain injuries, predominantly 
concussions, occur annually in the United States. Sports are second only to motor vehicle 
crashes as the leading cause of traumatic brain injury among people aged 15 to 24 years. ...

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
A
  • Below the search results are five links--Cited by, Related articles, All versions, Cite, Save
  • Cited by link will generate a list of all articles that have cited this article in their source.  This may be helpful because it can link you to other sources that might be focusing on the same or similar topic.
  • Related articles link will generate a list of articles that are related to this topic.
  • All versions link will link to other versions of this document found by Google Scholar.  This may be helpful in order to access a full text version for free.
  • Cite link will give you the citation in various formats.  Always be sure to check the citation for accuracy and completeness.
  • Save link will allow you to save into "My library" folder.  You will be prompted to set up an account.

Creating email alerts:

  • To create an email alert to let you know when new materials on your topic has been added:
    • Click on the hotdog icon in the upper left corner of Google Scholar homepage, and click on Alerts. Follow the prompts from there.
    • OR:  From the search results screen, click on the Alerts icon in the left side bar.  Follow the prompts.