Why Fake News Is News
Fake News has really been around since people have been trying to influence others in writing (including some of American history), but right now there is a "perfect storm" because
|False News||Fake News|
A deliberate effort by the writer to mislead
Can be done by
The Top Fake News Stories of 2016
Is it fake news? False news? or If you disagree with a news report, can you just throw out the term False News and dismiss it?
Try these articles:
Washington Post recommendations:
Read articles before sharing on social media
Determine if the source is a legitimate website
Check the "Contact Us" page
Check the byline, try Googling the reporter's name
Check quotes and sources
Check if sponsored
Look at the ads. Do they look like ads for a legitimate news sources?
Melissa Zimdar's recommendations (professor of media at Merrimack College)
Avoid websites that end in “lo” ex: Newslo
Avoid com.co (abcnews.com.co)
Check to see if mainstream sites are carrying the story
Check for attribution throughout. Avoid articles with "people say"
Always check the "About Us" section
Check to see if it a news article or a blog post (blog posts are more often opinion)
Watch for poor grammar and sentence structure
Investigate if the story makes you really angry (Pizzagate)
*Coined by Howard Rheingold, a media literacy expert and modified from
Kerrer, Tony. "The Crap Test." The CRAP Test - Work Literacy. Aggregate, n.d. Web. 12 Mar. 2017.
Fact-checking Websites: Has someone else already researched the story?
Ask FactCheck.org: monitors statements made by political leaders for accuracy
Snopes : Debunks Urban Legends and rumors
Politifact: check on political matters
OpenSecrets.org : How does money influence the government and elections?
Truth or Fiction.com : Great for checking on those Internet rumors
Hoax Slayer: Latest social media and email scams
What is the source? How credible is it considered?
OpenSources : List created by Merrimack College professor Melissa Zimdars (know that conservative news sources feel that this list is controversial)
Researching Photos: Where did the photo with the article really come from?
Image Search on Google
Who is linking to this website?
Moz.com (this has a daily limit for the number of free searches, so use wisely!)
URLs: Research who owns the domain
ICann WhoIs helps you to figure out who may have written the information on a website
Is this fake? or funny?
Because they are analyzing your clicks, social media and Google can create an “echo chamber” where you are only hearing or seeing news that agrees with your opinions. This filter bubble may have played a role in Clinton’s political base not realizing that her campaign was in trouble and the shock over Trump's victory.
What is the Filter Bubble?
Check out this Ted Talk by Eli Pariser who coined the phrase.
How do you combat the Filter Bubble?
Read multiple sources on the same news item from :
Seek out ideas that BOTH AGREE and DISAGREE with your own beliefs. Use this info-graphic to help you (click to make it bigger):
Sample news headlines with VERY different bias. In this case, pictures really say as much as the words:
Hertz, Mary Beth. "Battling Fake News in the Classroom." Edutopia. N.p., 21 Dec. 2016. Web. 14 Mar. 2017.
The CRAP Test - Work Literacy
Luhtalla, Michelle. “Media Literacy: A Crash Course in 60 Minutes.” EdWeb.net, MackinVIA, 22 Feb. 2017, Accessed 26 Feb. 2017.
Baker, Frank, Gary Price, Mike Ribble, and Damaso Reye. "Information Literacy in the Age of Fake News." Interview by Joyce Valenezia. Video blog post. School Library Journal. N.p., 16 Mar. 2017. Web. 16 Mar. 2017.