The Big6 Approach
One well known approach to teaching information literacy skills is the Big6, which was created by educators Mike Eisenberg and Bob Berkowitz. Mike Eisenberg describes the Big6 as "an information and technology literacy model and curriculum, implemented in thousands of schools – K through higher education. Some people call the Big6 an information problem-solving strategy because with the Big6, students are able to handle any problem, assignment, decision or task".
All good research starts with a plan. Complete the Research Organizer to help get you off to a good start. List or summarize your research path. Provide as much information as possible such as search terms you will use and the specific sources you will explore and why. Remember to print your page BEFORE you exit the page or you will lose all your information.
Afterwards, continue on with The Information Cycle.
Fill out Big6 #1-5 before you begin to work on your assignment.
|Fill out Big6 #6 before you turn in your assignment.|
You will need to PRINT this form BEFORE exiting the page.
Watch the video The Information Cycle from The University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign Libraries
Databases are sometimes called the "deep web" or "invisible web" because their information is usually only accessible through paid subscriptions using passwords and isn't usually found (indexed) by search engines such as Google.
Database records are organized using a variety of indexes such as author and subject but are keyword searchable as well.
Databases are either subject specific such as World History in Context or content specific such as the newspaper and magazine database through EBSCO.
Databases contain information that has been checked for the ABC's of authority & accuracy, bias, and content & currency. You can trust the information you find in databases, not like on the web or through Google searches. Sometimes it's accurate, but many times it isn't.
Need help with your paper? Ask your librarian!
AND, OR & NOT are all words that link concepts together to improve searches when using search engines such as Google or databases such as EbscoHost. These terms are associated with Irish mathematician George Boole, thus the term Boolean logic or Boolean searching.
Search engines search electronically whereas most search directories use human editors to exclude irrelevant sites and include beneficial ones. Wikis invite contributers to write and edit articles mostly without authoriship. Understanding the pluses and minuses of each of these search tools will help you to determine when they are appropriate to use for particular high school research assignments.
Explore information in the Search Engines, Search Directories, and Wiki boxes and read the following tips.
Tips For Using Search Engines:
Tips For Using Search Directories:
Tips for Using Wikis:
Always evaluate websites for information qualiy and reliability because anyone with a bit of knowledge about computers and the Internet can put information on the World Wide Web.
Academic research is different from personal research because academic research requires current, correct, and well-documented information written by institutions/people who are authorities on their subjects.
Sites should be unbiased UNLESS biased information is useful for a particular assignment.
The World Wide Web is a place of business, and sites that want to sell products or services have a different purpose from sites that exist to educate
Do you love to use Wikipedia for all your assignments? This site will tell you why it isn't a good source for your research projects.
Primary Sources are things that give first-hand or direct information about the past. For the historian, primary sources are the 'nuts and bolts' of their trade, from which all secondary texts are produced. Primary materials include
Using primary sources
A number of issues have to be considered when using primary sources:
The value of primary sources