Research Paper: All steps will be graded as either homework, a quiz or a test. All steps must be completed before the final project, or the research paper will not be accepted.
- Copies of Nathaniel Hawthorne’s short story: “The Birthmark”
- Folder in Google to hold all research-paper related materials
Step One: Analysis of Primary Source
- Read the story with focus on determining Hawthorne’s attitude towards scientific experimentation, scientists themselves and individuals who tamper with nature or a natural process.
- Find and copy out (typed) 4 quotations from “The Birthmark” that in some way demonstrate Hawthorne’s views related to any aspect of science. You need 4 quotations followed by 4 clear and thorough explanations.
- Explain in your own words (typed) how these passages reflect Hawthorne’s view of scientists.
Example: From another Hawthorne story
“These he cultivates with his own hands, and is said even to have produced new varieties of poison, more horribly deleterious than nature, without the assistance of this learned person, would ever have plagued the world withal” (Rappaccini’s Daughter 4).
In this passage, Baglioni comments on Rappaccini’s scientific experiment with the flowers in his poisonous garden. By describing these substances as deleterious, Hawthorne indicates that the result of Rappaccini’s scientific exploration contains harmful and horrible materials. This suggests that Rappaccini, the scientist himself is harmful and horrible.
Step Two: Write an essay which explains Hawthorne’s view of scientists in the two short stories. Includes at least two quotes.
Step Three: Research the following topic
- Find 3 RELIABLE (at least) articles (pieces of research) that focus on your topic (make sure you record all the information related to your articles i.e. author, title, web address, date of publication etc.). This must be typed. If using a website, fill out the web evaluation tool posted on this page that assists in determining whether or not a source is reliable and/or valid. If using the database, Science in Context (posted on this page) this step is not necessary.
- Copy out at least three quotations from each article.
- Type an explanation of what the quote is saying and whether the information, for the most part, supports or contradicts Hawthorne’s view of scientists.
- You will hand in these quotations with correct MLA citations. The link to MyBib and an instruction video is posted on this page.
Step Four: Determine whether or not your research on a scientific topic supports or contradicts Hawthorne’s view of science.
- List three reasons why your research supports or contradicts Hawthorne’s views.
- In one sentence, state Hawthorne’s view of science and why your particular research either supports or contradicts that view.
Step Five: Introductory paragraph which leads to a thesis that asserts whether the research on your topic supports or contradicts Hawthorne’s views of scientists in the short story.
Step Six: The Outline
- You must complete an outline that includes your thesis, a plan as to how you will structure your body paragraphs, and quotes from both primary and secondary sources with clear explanations. (See sample outline and format handout). Include a MLA-formatted Works Cited page. The link to MyBib and an instruction video is posted on this page.
Step Seven: The Research Paper
- Must be at least three pages long
- Must include at least 5 secondary quotes from 3 reliable/validated sources with proper citations
- Must include at least 4 primary source quotations from “The Birthmark.”
- Must have a Works Cited page in MLA format. The link to MyBib and an instruction video is posted on this page as is a video for MLA formatting in Google Docs.