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Coventry High School

Core Elements in a Works Cited List; MLA 8th Edition

Information has become increasing digital and the same source may be found in a variety of places. Following a set of rigid rules to document sources is no longer applicable. The new handbook is is based on guiding principles in citing sources. Certain items still need to be included in a citation, but it is much more flexible for writers.

Core Elements of a Citation:  In your citation, the elements should be listed in the following order followed by the corresponding punctuation mark. 

  1. Author.
  2. Title of source.
  3. Title of container,
  4. Other contributors,
  5. Version,
  6. Number,
  7. Publisher,
  8. Publication date,
  9. Location.



Entry's always begin with author’s last name, followed by a comma and the rest of the name. End this element with a period.

  • Book EX: Black, Holly. The Cruel Prince. Little, Brown and Company, 2018.
  • Website EX: Mulvaney, Kiernan. "The Stunning Survival Story of Ernest Shackleton and His Endurance Crew." History,https://www.history.com/news/shackleton-endurance-survival.