A summary is a condensed version of information from another source. Summaries usually highlight the main points discussed in a source.
When you summarize:
A paraphrase is a restatement of another person's ideas in your own words.
When you paraphrase, you must:
Quotes are a word-for-word copy of what another author said.
When you quote:
Try Out These General Tips!
Your research paper needs to provide a balance between outside sources and your own original ideas.
When you paraphrase, summarize or quote another author, their ideas should be connected to your own.
Use signal phrases to introduce a paraphrase, summary or quotation, such as "according to," "argues," "contends,"or "states."
After a quotation, summary or paraphrase, explain why the source is significant or how the idea relates to your own argument.
Your research paper ends with a list of all the sources cited in the text of the paper. This is called a Works Cited list.
See an example in the "Sample Paper & Works Cited List" box on this page.
Here are eight quick rules for this list:
If you're confused on how to cite sources in research papers, you're not alone! Check out this video for a step-by-step guide on using MLA source citation within your paper.
"MLA In-Text Citations (Step-by-Step Guide)." YouTube, 24 Mar. 2014, www.youtube.com/watch?v=HTaUHS1mnvw.